• Progress of Work at the International Criminal Court (ICC)

Luis Ocampo Moreno

January 12, 2010

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Luis Ocampo Moreno, Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court

On 21 April 2003, the Assembly of States Parties to the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court, meeting in its second resumed first session, unanimously elected Mr. Luis Moreno-Ocampo of Argentina as first Prosecutor of the Court. Between 1984-92, as a Prosecutor in Argentina, Mr. Moreno-Ocampo was involved in precedent-setting prosecutions of top military commanders for mass killings and other large-scale human rights abuses. He was the Assistant Prosecutor in the “Military Junta” trial against Army commanders accused of masterminding the “dirty war”, and other cases of human rights violations by the Argentine military. As the first case brought against top commanders responsible for mass killings since the Nuremberg Trial, the 1984-85 “Military Junta” trial involved 9 senior commanders, including 3 former heads of state, from the ranks of Army officials who ruled Argentina between 1976 and 1983. On the recommendation of a report produced by the Truth Commission established in Argentina in 1984, eight months of judicial investigation resulted in the Prosecutors presenting 700 cases of “murder, kidnapping and torture” as a sample of thousands of alleged crimes, calling 835 witnesses and citing thousands of documents.  After 6 months of public hearing, on December 8, 1985 a panel of six judges convicted 5 of the accused.[…]  Mr. Moreno-Ocampo has been a visiting professor at both Stanford University and Harvard University. Mr. Moreno-Ocampo has taken office on 16 June 2003 by pledging his solemn undertaking as required by article 45 of the Rome Statute. As Prosecutor, he will assume full authority over the management and administration of the Office, including the staff, facilities and other resources thereof. See: http://www.icc-cpi.int.

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